Dracaena Varieties: 34 Common And Rare Types (2024)

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Dracaena Varieties

In the world of houseplants, Dracaena varieties have become a popular choice for many people. Dracaena plants come in a wide variety of shapes and sizes, from the very tall and slender Dracaena marginata to the short and stubby Dracaena sanderiana.

They are easy to care for, making them the perfect addition to any living space. With so many different types to choose from, it can be difficult to know where to start when it comes to picking the right plant for your home.

In this article, we’ll introduce you to 34 of the most common and rare dracaena varieties, so that you can make an informed decision about which type is right for you. We’ll also give you some care tips for the varieties so that you can keep your plant looking its best.

Read on to find out about 34 common and rare Dracaena varieties that you can propagate in 2024!

Dracaena Varieties: 34 Common And Rare Types (2024)

Check out the following Dracaena varieties we have prepared for you:

1. Dracaena sanderiana

Dracaena sanderiana

Dracaena sanderiana, also called Lucky Bamboo, is one of the most popular types of Dracaena. It is native to Africa and Asia and grows in humid tropical forests. The plant can reach up to 10 feet (3 meters) in height and has long, slender leaves that are green with white stripes. Lucky bamboo is easy to grow indoors as a houseplant.

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The plant likes moist soil, so water it regularly and mist the leaves occasionally. Lucky bamboo can be propagated by cutting off a piece of the stem and placing it in water or soil. If you are looking for an attractive houseplant, easy to care for, and said to bring good luck, then lucky bamboo may be the plant for you!

2. Dracaena marginata

Dracaena marginata

Dracaena marginata, also known as the dragon tree or Madagascar dragon tree, is a popular houseplant. It is native to Madagascar and can grow up to 15 feet tall. The leaves are long and narrow, and have a red margin (hence the name).

If you are looking for a low-maintenance houseplant that makes a big impact, then Dracaena marginata is a great choice.

3. Dracaena ‘Florida Beauty’

Dracaena ‘Florida Beauty’

If you’re looking for an elegant houseplant that is sure to turn heads, then the Dracaena ‘Florida Beauty’ is a perfect choice. This variety of Dracaena is known for its long, sleek leaves that are variegated with shades of green, yellow, and white.

The ‘Florida Beauty’ is a slow-growing plant, so it won’t take over your space. It’s also relatively low-maintenance, making it a great option for busy homeowners or those new to gardening.

4. Dracaena sanderiana Variegata ‘Ribbon Plant’

Dracaena sanderiana Variegata ‘Ribbon Plant’

The Dracaena sanderiana variegata ‘Ribbon Plant’ is a beautiful, variegated form of the popular Dracaena sanderiana. It has wide, strap-like leaves that are heavily striped with creamy-white margins. This plant is perfect for adding a touch of color and elegance to any indoor space.

5. Dracaena deremensis ‘Warneckii’

Dracaena deremensis ‘Warneckii’

The Dracaena deremensis ‘Warneckii’ is a beautiful, low-maintenance houseplant that is perfect for adding a touch of greenery to any room. This plant is native to Africa and is part of the Asparagaceae family. This plant has long, slender leaves that are green with white stripes running down the center.

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The leaves are attached to thin, woody stems. The Warneckii can grow up to 6 feet tall and 2 feet wide. The Dracaena deremensis ‘Warneckii’ does best in bright, indirect light but can also tolerate low light conditions.

It prefers to be kept on the drier side, so allow the soil to dry out completely between watering. The Warneckii is a non-toxic plant, making it safe for homes with pets or small children.

6. Dracaena fragrans ‘Lemon Lime’

Dracaena fragrans ‘Lemon Lime’

The Dracaena fragrans ‘Lemon Lime’ is a popular variety of Dracaena that is known for its vibrant lime-green leaves. This variety is a great option for those looking to add a pop of color to their home or office. The ‘Lemon Lime’ is relatively easy to care for and can tolerate low light levels.

7. Dracaena reflexa ‘Song of India’

Dracaena reflexa ‘Song of India’

The Dracaena reflexa, more commonly known as the Song of India, is a species of plant in the Asparagaceae family. The plant is native to Madagascar, Mauritius, and other islands in the Indian Ocean.

The Song of India has long, narrow leaves that are variegated with green, yellow, and white stripes. The plant can grow up to 15 feet tall and is often used as a houseplant or in landscaping.

8. Dracaena surculosa ‘Gold Dust’

Dracaena surculosa ‘Gold Dust’

If you’re looking for a Dracaena that is sure to make a statement, the Dracaena surculosa ‘Gold Dust’ is a perfect choice. This unique variety features thick, glossy green leaves that are dotted with golden-yellow spots.

The Gold Dust is a slow grower and can reach up to 3 feet tall and 2 feet wide at maturity. While this plant prefers bright indirect light, it will tolerate low light conditions. Be sure to keep the soil moist but not soggy and fertilize monthly during the growing season.

9. Dracaena draco ‘Dragon Tree’

Dracaena draco ‘Dragon Tree’

The Dracaena draco, more commonly known as the Dragon Tree, is a species of flowering plant that is native to the Canary Islands, Cape Verde, and Madeira. The Dragon Tree can grow up to 20 feet tall and has a single trunk with multiple branches. The tree’s leaves are long and narrow with sharp points on the ends.

The leaves are dark green in color with white stripes running along their length. The tree blooms small, white flowers in the springtime. The Dragon Tree is a popular houseplant because it is very easy to care for.

The tree does not need much water or sunlight and can tolerate low-light conditions. When watering the plant, be sure to never allow the roots to sit in water as this can cause root rot.

10. Dracaena reflexa ‘Song of Jamaica’

Dracaena reflexa ‘Song of Jamaica’

Dracaena reflexa, also known as Song of Jamaica, is a variety of dracaena that is native to Madagascar. The plant is known for its wide, glossy leaves that are variegated with green and yellow stripes. The plant can grow up to 15 feet tall and is often used as a houseplant or in landscaping.

11. Dracaena compact ‘Janet Craig’

Dracaena compacta ‘Janet Craig’

The Dracaena compact ‘Janet Craig’ is a slow-growing, evergreen shrub that can reach up to 6 feet tall. It has dark green, glossy leaves that are arranged in a rosette pattern. The Janet Craig dracaena is a popular dracaena variety known for its ability to tolerate low-light conditions. It is an easy plant to care for and makes an excellent choice for beginners.

12. Dracaena ‘Lisa Cane’

Dracaena ‘Lisa Cane’

The Dracaena Lisa Cane is a variety of the Dracaena plant that is native to Africa. This particular variety is known for its ability to grow quite tall, reaching up to 20 feet in height. The leaves of the Lisa Cane are long and thin, and they are a deep green color with yellow stripes running along the center. 

13. Dracaena fragrans ‘Dorado’

Dracaena fragrans ‘Dorado’

Dracaena fragrans ‘Dorado’ is a beautiful and unique variety of Dracaena that is characterized by its bright gold leaves. This variety is native to the tropical forests of Africa and is a popular houseplant in many parts of the world.

‘Dorado’ is a relatively easy plant to care for and can thrive in both low and bright light conditions. It is important to keep the soil evenly moist and to fertilize regularly to ensure optimal growth.

14. Dracaena fragrans ‘Hawaiian Sunshine’

Dracaena fragrans ‘Hawaiian Sunshine’

This fast-growing, easy-to-care-for plant is a great choice for beginners. It tolerates low light and can go weeks without water, making it ideal for busy households or those with less-than-ideal conditions. The ‘Hawaiian Sunshine’ variety is especially striking, with its yellow and green striped leaves.

15. Dracaena fragrans ‘Massangeana’

Dracaena fragrans ‘Massangeana’

The Dracaena fragrans, more commonly known as the corn plant, is a popular houseplant that is easy to care for and can thrive in a variety of conditions. The Massangeana variety is distinguished by its yellow stripe down the center of each leaf. This tough plant is native to Africa and can grow up to 10 feet tall indoors.

It performs best in bright, indirect light, but it can also tolerate low light levels. During the growing season, water when the top inch of soil is dry and fertilizes once a month.

16. Dracaena trifasciata

Dracaena trifasciata

Dracaena trifasciata, also known as the snake plant or mother-in-law’s tongue, is a species of flowering plant in the family Asparagaceae, native to tropical Africa. The specific epithet trifasciata means “three-banded”, referring to the yellow stripes on the leaves. It is an evergreen perennial growing to 1.2 m (4 ft) tall and wide, with stiff, upright, sword-like leaves.

The flowers are small, white, and borne in panicles up to 60 cm (24 in) long. This is one of the most popular houseplants worldwide and has been grown for centuries for its striking foliage. It is very tolerant of neglect and can survive in low light levels and poor soil, making it an ideal plant for beginners.

However, it does best in bright indirect light and well-drained soil. It is relatively drought-tolerant but will appreciate regular watering during periods of growth. This plant is known to be poisonous to cats and dogs if ingested, so take care if you have pets.

17. Dracaena ‘Goldieana’

Dracaena ‘Goldieana’

Dracaena Goldieana, more commonly known as the golden dust dracaena, is a beautiful and unique plant that is native to Africa. The leaves of this plant are a striking yellow-green color with tips that are dusted in a light brown. This plant can grow up to 6 feet tall and 3 feet wide, making it a perfect addition to any home.

This plant is extremely easy to care for and requires little attention. It can tolerate low light conditions and can even survive if you forget to water it for a week or two.

18. Dracaena ‘White Bird’

Dracaena ‘White Bird’

Dracaena ‘White Bird’ is a beautiful, rare variety of Dracaena that is prized for its striking white and green leaves. This plant is native to Africa and can grow up to 20 feet tall in its natural habitat.

However, when grown in pots or containers, it will typically only reach a height of 3-4 feet. White Bird is an easy plant to care for and makes an excellent addition to any indoor space.

19. Dracaena deremensis ‘Limelight’

Dracaena deremensis ‘Limelight’

The Dracaena deremensis ‘Limelight’ is a beautiful, low-maintenance houseplant that is perfect for those who are looking for a bit of greenery in their home without the hassle of taking care of a more delicate plant. This variety of dracaena is known for its vibrant green and yellow leaves, which make it stand out in any room.

While it prefers bright indirect sunlight, the ‘Limelight’ can also tolerate low light conditions, making it an ideal plant for any space. With proper care, this striking plant can grow to be up to six feet tall.

20. Dracaena deremensis ‘Rikki’

Dracaena deremensis ‘Rikki’

The Dracaena deremensis ‘Rikki’ is a succulent that is known for its long, thin leaves. The leaves of this plant are deep green and have yellow stripes running down them. The Rikki is a relatively slow-growing plant but can reach up to 6 feet in height. This plant does best in indirect sunlight and well-drained soil.

21. Dracaena deremensis ‘White Jewel’

Dracaena deremensis ‘White Jewel’

The Dracaena deremensis ‘White Jewel’ is a beautiful, rare variety of the Dracaena plant. The leaves of this plant are variegated with white and green, and it can grow up to 10 feet tall. This plant is native to Africa and does well in bright, indirect light. Water when the soil is dry to the touch.

22. Dracaena deremensis ‘Art Carmen’

Dracaena deremensis ‘Art Carmen’

The Dracaena deremensis ‘Art Carmen’ is a beautiful, rare variety of Dracaena that is perfect for adding a touch of elegance to any home or office. This variety is characterized by its long, slender leaves that are deep green with white stripes running down the center. The ‘Art Carmen’ is a slow-growing plant, so it does not require much maintenance.

23. Dracaena Fragrans Tornado Twist

Dracaena Fragrans Tornado Twist

Tornado Twist is a cultivar of the Dracaena fragrans species. It’s a slow-growing, evergreen shrub that can reach up to 6 feet (1.8 m) in height. The leaves are glossy, dark green, and spiraled around the thin stems. New leaves often have a reddish hue that fades as they age.

This plant does best in bright, indirect light but can tolerate low light levels. Fertilize every few months during the growing season and water when the soil is dry to the touch.

24. Dracaena Deremensis Dorado

Dracaena Deremensis Dorado

The Dracaena Deremensis Dorado is a beautiful and unique variety of Dracaena. It is native to Africa and typically has green leaves with yellow or gold stripes running down the sides. The Dorado is a relatively slow grower and can reach heights of up to 15 feet (4.5 meters) tall. It does best in bright, indirect sunlight and prefers humid conditions.

Although it is not frost-tolerant, the Dorado can tolerate lower temperatures than other Dracaena varieties. It is an easy plant to care for and makes an excellent addition to any home or office.

25. Dracaena Deremensis ‘Lemon Surprise’

Dracaena Deremensis ‘Lemon Surprise’

The Dracaena Deremensis ‘Lemon Surprise’ is a beautiful and rare variety of Dracaena. It is a fast-growing plant that can reach up to 6 feet tall. The leaves are green with yellow stripes and have a lemon-like scent. This plant is native to Africa and prefers warm, humid climates.

26. Dracaena Surculosa Milky Way

Dracaena Surculosa Milky Way

The Dracaena Surculosa is a dracaena variety that is native to Africa. It is an evergreen plant that can grow up to 15 feet tall and has dark green leaves with white stripes. This plant is also known as the African milk tree or the dragon’s blood tree.

27. Dracaena Green Jewel Twister

Dracaena Green Jewel Twister

Dracaena Green Jewel is a twister type of Dracaena that has glossy, green leaves. Dracaena Green Jewel is a fast-growing plant that can reach up to 6 feet tall. This plant is perfect for those who are looking for an easy-to-care-for houseplant.

28. Dracaena Fragrans Burley

Dracaena Fragrans Burley

The Dracaena Fragrans Burley is a variety of the Dracaena plant that is native to Africa. It is a tropical evergreen tree that can grow up to 20 feet tall. The leaves are green and glossy with white stripes running down the center. The flowers of the Dracaena Fragrans Burley are small and white, and they bloom in the summer. 

29. Dracaena Marginata Colorama

Dracaena Marginata Colorama

The Dracaena Marginata Colorama is a beautiful, rare type of dracaena that is prized for its unique coloring. The leaves of this plant are variegated with yellow, white, and green stripes, giving it a truly one-of-a-kind appearance. While it is not the easiest dracaena to care for, it is worth the effort for its stunning looks.

30. Dracaena Fragrans Cintho

Dracaena Fragrans Cintho

Dracaena fragrans cintho is native to Madagascar, but it has been introduced to other parts of Africa, Asia, and the Americas. The Madagascar dragon tree is an evergreen tree that can grow up to 20 m tall.

The leaves are lanceolate, 50-70 cm long, and 10-15 cm wide. The Madagascar dragon tree is widely cultivated as an ornamental plant. It is used in landscaping and as a houseplant. It tolerates low light levels and can even be grown indoors.

31. Dracaena Sanderiana Gold

Dracaena Sanderiana Gold

Dracaena Sanderiana belongs to the exotic class of Dracaena varieties native to China and is often used as a houseplant. Dracaena Sanderiana can grow up to 3 feet tall and does best in bright, indirect light. The leaves are dark green with yellow stripes running along the center.

The stems are thin and often braided together. Dracaena Sanderiana Gold is a variety of Lucky Bamboo that has yellow stripes on the leaves instead of green. This variety is less common than the regular Lucky Bamboo but is just as easy to care for. The Gold variety does best in bright, indirect light and should be watered when the soil is dry to the touch.

32. Dracaena Fragrans Compacta

Dracaena Fragrans Compacta

The Dracaena fragrans compacta is a small, slow-growing evergreen shrub that can reach up to 2 feet in height. It has dark green leaves with white stripes running along the center vein. The Dracaena fragrans compacta is native to Africa and is commonly used as an ornamental plant in gardens and homes.

33. Dracaena Marginata ‘Kiwi’

Dracaena Marginata ‘Kiwi’

The Dracaena Marginata ‘Kiwi’ is native to Madagascar. The ‘Kiwi’ part of its name comes from its green and white striped leaves which resemble the fruit of the same name. It is a relatively slow-growing plant but can reach up to 15 feet in height if left unpruned. As with most Dracaenas, it is drought-tolerant and does not require much water or fertilizer to thrive.

34. Dracaena Hookeriana

Dracaena Hookeriana

Dracaena hookeriana is a species of flowering plant in the family Asparagaceae, native to eastern Africa. It is a slow-growing evergreen tree growing to 15 m tall. The leaves are lanceolate, dark green, with a pale midrib and margins. The flowers are white or cream, borne in panicles up to 60 cm long. 

Conclusion

After exploring all the different types of dracaena plants, it’s easy to see why they are such a popular choice for indoor landscaping. With so many different varieties to choose from, there is sure to be a dracaena plant that is perfect for your home or office.

Be sure to do your research before selecting a plant, so that you can be sure you are providing the best possible care. With proper care, your dracaena plant will thrive and bring beauty and life to your space for many years to come.

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