24 Types of White Flowers For Your Garden

Kasey Spencer
Types of White Flowers For Your Garden

Incorporating white flowers into your landscape can transform your outdoor space into an oasis of tranquility and elegance. With their timeless beauty, white blooms complement any garden style—from modern minimalistic to rustic country—and play a crucial role in creating serene night gardens and attracting pollinators.

As an experienced gardener, I appreciate these flowers‘ simplicity and sophistication. Whether you’re looking to add a touch of elegance with classic roses, create a fragrant haven with jasmine, or brighten shady spots with hydrangeas.

This guide will introduce you to 25 white flowers that are perfect for enhancing your garden’s appeal. Let’s explore how these blooms can make your garden a year-round highlight.

Classic White Flowers

1. Roses (Rosa)

Roses (Rosa)
Image: Envato Elements

White roses are more than just a symbol of purity and innocence; they are a cornerstone of any classic garden. Revered for their elegance, these flowers bring a sense of tranquility and timelessness to your outdoor space.

Ideal growing conditions for white roses include well-drained soil, at least six hours of sunlight daily, and regular watering to keep the soil moist but not waterlogged.

Regular pruning ensures healthy growth and bloom production. Whether you choose the climbing, shrub, or tea varieties, white roses can provide a stunning backdrop or focal point in your garden.

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2. Lilies (Lilium)

Lilies (Lilium)
Image: Envato Elements

Lilies offer an array of varieties, each with its unique charm and impact in a garden setting. From the regal beauty of the ‘Casa Blanca’ to the delicate ‘Madonna lily’, white lilies are a symbol of purity and refined beauty. They thrive in full sun to partial shade and require well-drained soil rich in organic matter.

Lilies are perfect for borders or as statement pieces in garden beds, providing an eye-catching display with their large, fragrant blooms that attract pollinators and admirers alike.

3. Gardenias (Gardenia jasminoides)

Image: Envato Elements

Gardenias, with their creamy white flowers and intoxicating fragrance, can turn any garden into a scented paradise. These evergreen shrubs are known for their glossy, dark green leaves and stunningly fragrant blooms, making them a favorite among gardeners. Gardenias prefer warm, humid conditions and flourish in well-drained, acidic soil.

They require at least four to six hours of sunlight daily, though they benefit from afternoon shade in hotter climates. Regular watering, mulching, and occasional feeding with an acid-forming fertilizer will keep your gardenias healthy and blooming beautifully.

Shade-Loving White Flowers

4. Hydrangeas (Hydrangea arborescens)

Hydrangeas (Hydrangea arborescens)
Image: Envato Elements

Hydrangeas are a must-have for any shade garden, with their lush foliage and large, captivating blooms. The ‘Annabelle’ is a popular white variety, known for its robust, spherical flowers.

To keep hydrangeas white and flourishing, plant them in a spot with morning sun and afternoon shade, protecting them from the harsh afternoon heat. They thrive in rich, porous, moist soil.

Regular watering is essential to keep the soil consistently damp, especially in dry periods. Mulching helps retain soil moisture and keeps the roots cool. Use a slow-release fertilizer in early spring and again in summer for vibrant blooms.

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5. Astilbe (Astilbe chinensis)

Image: Envato Elements

Astilbe stands out for shade gardens, offering feathery, plume-like flowers atop fern-like foliage. These perennials thrive in partial to full shade, making them ideal for adding texture and depth under tree canopies or in shadowed corners of your garden. Astilbe prefers moist, well-drained soil rich in organic matter.

Ensuring the soil stays consistently moist is key, as Astilbe does not tolerate dryness well. Mulching helps maintain soil moisture, and applying a balanced, slow-release fertilizer annually in spring encourages healthy growth and blooms.

6. Bleeding Heart (Dicentra spectabilis ‘Alba’)

Bleeding Heart (Dicentra spectabilis 'Alba')

The ‘Alba’ variety of Bleeding Heart presents a stunning display of heart-shaped, white flowers dangling from arching stems, offering a whimsical touch to shaded garden spots. This perennial prefers cool, moist conditions found in partial to full shade, protected from the intense midday sun.

Plant in humus-rich, well-drained soil and water regularly to maintain evenly moist soil, especially during dry spells. While it dies back in late summer, its foliage and unique flowers in spring make it a cherished addition to any shade garden.

Bleeding Hearts are relatively low maintenance, requiring little care once established, making them a perfect choice for both novice and experienced gardeners.

Sun-Loving White Flowers

7. Shasta Daisy (Leucanthemum x superbum)

Shasta Daisy
Image: Envato Elements

Shasta daisies are the epitome of cheer in any garden, boasting bright white petals that surround a sunny yellow center. They are ideal for gardeners looking to add a pop of brightness to their sunny garden spots.

Thriving in full sun, Shasta daisies require at least six hours of direct sunlight daily to produce their signature blooms. They are not particularly fussy about soil type but do best in well-drained soil.

Regular watering, especially during dry spells, will keep them healthy, but it’s crucial to avoid overwatering to prevent root rot. Deadheading spent flowers will encourage continuous blooming throughout the summer.

8. Petunias (Petunia x hybrida)

White petunia flowers
Image: Envato Elements

Petunias are a colorful staple in the sun-loving garden, offering various white shades ranging from pure white to those with subtle hints of pink or purple. These versatile flowers demand full sun, basking in at least six to eight hours of sunlight daily to maintain their vibrant colors and prolific blooming.

Petunias adapt well to various soil types, provided they are well-drained. Regular watering is essential for petunias, especially in containers, to keep the soil moist but not soggy. Weekly fertilization with a balanced, water-soluble fertilizer can help sustain their blooming power all season long.

9. Zinnias (Zinnia elegans)

Zinnias (Zinnia elegans)
Image: Envato Elements

Zinnias are a favorite for their ease of care and ability to brighten up any sunny spot in the garden. Their white varieties add a crisp, clean touch to the flower bed, contrasting beautifully with their green foliage. Zinnias excel in full sun, requiring at least six hours of sunlight daily for optimal growth and bloom production.

They prefer well-drained soil and are drought-tolerant once established, making them a great choice for gardeners seeking low-maintenance options.

Regular watering during extended dry periods and occasional deadheading will keep your zinnias looking fresh and encourage a longer blooming season. With their attraction to pollinators, zinnias not only enhance your garden’s beauty but also its biodiversity.

Fragrant White Flowers

10. Jasmine (Jasminum)

Jasmine (Jasminum)
Image: Envato Elements

Jasmine is synonymous with a sweet, intoxicating fragrance that can envelop a garden, especially in the evenings. This versatile plant can be grown as a shrub or vine, making it perfect for trellises, walls, or ground cover.

Jasmine thrives in well-drained, fertile soil, preferring a sunny to partially shaded location. While it enjoys the warmth, it also needs protection from the hottest afternoon sun in warmer climates.

Regular watering, especially during dry periods, and a balanced fertilizer during the growing season will support its lush growth and abundant flowering. The right care will reward you with its delightful scent throughout the summer and into fall.

11. Lilac (Syringa vulgaris)

Lilac (Syringa vulgaris)
Image: Envato Elements

Lilacs are beloved for their dense clusters of fragrant flowers, available in several varieties that include stunning whites. The white blooms of varieties like ‘Madame Lemoine’ offer a memorable scent that can define the late spring garden. Lilacs require full sun, at least six hours daily, to bloom profusely.

They prefer well-drained, slightly alkaline soil. Adding lime to the soil can help achieve the desired pH. Lilacs are relatively low maintenance but do benefit from annual pruning just after the flowers have faded, to encourage airflow and shape the plant, as well as promote more blooms for the next season.

12. Freesia (Freesia)

Freesia (Freesia)
Image: Envato Elements

Freesia, with its zesty perfume, is a standout among fragrant flowers, and white varieties are particularly striking for their purity and aroma. These bulbs prefer a sunny spot in the garden where they can bask in full sunlight for at least six hours a day. Well-drained soil is crucial to prevent bulb rot, and a layer of mulch can help maintain soil moisture while keeping the roots cool.

Freesias are ideal for planting in borders, containers, or as part of a cutting garden, where their uplifting fragrance can be enjoyed up close. Watering should be consistent during the growing season, tapering off as the flowers begin to fade and the foliage dies back.

Ground Cover and Low-Growing White Flowers

13. Snowdrops (Galanthus nivalis)

Image: Envato Elements

Snowdrops are the harbingers of spring, often pushing through the snow to bloom as early as late winter. These low-maintenance, low-growing bulbs are perfect for naturalizing under trees or in lawns, providing a delicate white carpet.

They prefer cool, moist conditions, partially shaded from the hot afternoon sun, and thrive in well-drained soil rich in organic matter.

Once established, snowdrops require little care, spreading over time to create charming drifts. Their early bloom times not only offer the first glimpse of spring but also provide an essential food source for pollinators emerging from winter hibernation.

14. Sweet Alyssum (Lobularia maritime)

Sweet Alyssum

Sweet Alyssum is a favorite for gardeners seeking a fragrant, low-growing plant that works well as a border, ground cover, or in containers. Its tiny, honey-scented white flowers bloom profusely from planting until the first frost, creating a lush carpet of white.

Alyssum loves full sun to partial shade and thrives in a variety of soil types, as long as they are well-drained. This plant is remarkably drought-tolerant once established, making it a low-maintenance choice for busy gardeners.

Regular trimming of spent flowers can encourage more blooms, keeping your garden or balcony overflowing with fragrance and beauty.

15. Creeping Thyme (Thymus serpyllum)

Creeping Thyme (Thymus serpyllum)

Creeping Thyme is an excellent choice for an aromatic ground cover that attracts bees with its nectar-rich flowers. This hardy perennial forms a dense mat of small, fragrant leaves, dotted with tiny white flowers in early summer, it is ideal for full sun locations.

Creeping Thyme thrives in well-drained soil and is remarkably drought-resistant, making it perfect for rock gardens, stepping stones, or in any sunny, dry area where other plants might struggle.

In addition to its beauty and ease of care, Creeping Thyme is edible, adding a layer of utility to your garden. Its resilience and low growth habit make it a practical and attractive choice for reducing lawn areas and creating a bee-friendly garden.

Night-Blooming White Flowers for Evening Gardens

16. Moonflower (Ipomoea alba)

Moonflower (Ipomoea alba)

Moonflower, a night-blooming relative of the morning glory, offers an ethereal addition to any evening garden. Its large, trumpet-shaped white flowers unfurl at dusk, releasing a sweet fragrance that fills the air throughout the night.

Moonflowers thrive in full sun to partial shade and require a support structure like a trellis or fence to climb. They prefer well-drained soil and moderate watering, making them relatively easy to care for.

Plant moonflowers in areas where you spend your evenings outdoors to fully enjoy their beauty and scent. Their rapid growth and large, heart-shaped leaves also provide an excellent backdrop or privacy screen in the summer garden.

17. Evening Primrose (Oenothera biennis)

Evening Primrose

Evening Primrose is renowned not just for its beautiful night-blooming flowers but also for its medicinal properties. The fragrant white to yellow flowers open in the evening and remain open until the next morning, making it a perfect plant for night-time pollinators.

Evening Primrose prefers full sun but tolerates partial shade and grows best in well-drained soils. It’s drought-tolerant once established, requiring minimal care.

The oil from its seeds is extracted for various health benefits, including skin care and anti-inflammatory properties, making this plant a beautiful and beneficial addition to your garden.

18. Night Phlox (Zaluzianskya capensis)

Night Phlox

Night Phlox, or Midnight Candy, enchants with its intense vanilla and honey scent that becomes most pronounced at night. This plant produces small, white flowers that close during the day and open in the evening, offering a unique visual and olfactory experience in the moon garden.

Night Phlox prefers a sunny to partially shaded spot with well-drained soil. It’s perfect for borders, containers, or alongside pathways where its evening fragrance can be appreciated up close.

Regular watering during dry periods and a light fertilizer application in spring will encourage vigorous growth and abundant flowering, enhancing your garden’s nighttime appeal.

White Perennials for Long-Lasting Beauty

19. Coneflower (Echinacea purpurea ‘White Swan’)

Image: Envato Elements

The ‘White Swan’ coneflower is a striking perennial that offers not just aesthetic appeal with its elegant white petals and golden centers, but also resilience and a magnet for pollinators. Thriving in full sun to partial shade, it is well-suited to various garden settings, from borders to wildflower meadows.

Echinacea is drought-tolerant once established, making it a low-maintenance option for those looking to add long-lasting beauty to their garden.

Its flowers are beloved by bees and butterflies, providing a valuable food source and contributing to the health of your garden ecosystem. Additionally, Echinacea has medicinal properties, known for boosting the immune system.

20. Foxglove (Digitalis purpurea ‘Alba’)

Foxglove (Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'
Image: Envato Elements

The white variety of Foxglove, ‘Alba’, offers a stunning visual contrast in the garden with its tall spikes of tubular white flowers. While it adds a touch of elegance and height to any garden space, it’s important to note that all parts of the plant are toxic if ingested.

Care should be taken in gardens accessible to children and pets. Foxgloves prefer partial shade and moist, well-drained soil.

They are particularly suited to woodland gardens or shaded borders. Despite its toxicity, Foxglove is a vital plant for pollinators, attracting bees into the garden with its bell-shaped flowers.

21. Yarrow (Achillea millefolium)

Image: Envato Elements

Yarrow is a hardy perennial known for its flat-topped clusters of small, white flowers and fern-like foliage. It’s incredibly resilient, tolerating poor soil, drought, and heat, which makes it a perfect choice for sustainable gardening practices.

Yarrow thrives in full sun and well-drained soil, requiring minimal care once established. Its medicinal properties have been utilized for centuries, offering anti-inflammatory and pain-relief benefits.

Yarrow also plays a crucial role in the garden by attracting beneficial insects and pollinators, promoting a healthy and balanced ecosystem. Its versatility and low maintenance make it an excellent choice for gardeners looking to create a beautiful yet functional landscape.

Unique and Uncommon White Flowers

22. Ghost Plant (Monotropa uniflora)

Ghost Plant (Monotropa uniflora)
Image: Envato Elements

The Ghost Plant, also known as Indian Pipe, is a truly unique addition to any garden due to its lack of chlorophyll, which gives it a striking white, almost translucent appearance. Unlike most plants, it doesn’t photosynthesize but instead derives nutrients from a symbiotic relationship with fungi in the soil, allowing it to thrive in dark, forested environments where other plants would struggle.

This fascinating plant prefers moist, rich, and acidic soils under the canopy of dense forests. It’s a conversation starter due to its eerie beauty and unusual growth habits, making it a must-have for collectors of rare and unusual plants.

23. Hellebores (Helleborus)

Hellebores (Helleborus)
Image: Envato Elements

Hellebores, often known as Christmas or Lenten roses, are cherished for their early spring blooms and remarkable shade tolerance. The white varieties of Hellebores offer a serene beauty to the winter and early spring garden, blooming even when snow is on the ground.

They prefer well-drained soil rich in organic matter and can flourish in partial to full shade, making them ideal for woodland gardens or shadowy garden spots.

Hellebores are also deer and rabbit-resistant, adding to their appeal for gardeners in areas with wildlife. Their leathery leaves provide year-round interest, making them a valuable addition to the garden.

24. Snowflake (Leucojum aestivum)

Close up of white snowflakes flowers in sunny day in a forest.
Image: Envato Elements

Snowflakes, often confused with Snowdrops (Galanthus nivalis), offer their unique charm with bell-shaped white flowers that feature green dots on the tips of each petal. Flourishing in conditions similar to Snowdrops, Snowflakes prefer cool, moist environments and can be found blooming in late winter to early spring.

They thrive in full sun to partial shade and enjoy well-drained soil rich in organic matter. Snowflakes are perfect for naturalizing in grassy areas, under trees, or along stream banks, where they can spread and create enchanting drifts of white blooms.

Their taller stature and later blooming period distinguish them from their earlier-blooming relatives, making them a wonderful succession plant in the garden.

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