Beets Growth Stages & Timelines (With Pictures)

Kasey Spencer
Beets Growth Stages & Timelines

With over 13 years of gardening under my belt, I’ve come to appreciate the simplicity and rewards of growing beets in my backyard. Whether you’re a beginner or have some experience, understanding the growth stages of beets is key to cultivating a successful crop.

Beets are not only a colorful addition to your garden but also a powerhouse of nutrients, including fiber, vitamins, and minerals. They can be roasted, boiled, or even eaten raw, making them a versatile ingredient in the kitchen. But to get the most out of your beet plants, it’s essential to know what they need at each stage of their growth.

In this post, we’ll walk through the life cycle of beets, from preparing the soil before planting to the joy of harvest. We’ll cover optimal conditions, how to care for your beets at every growth stage and tackle common gardening challenges. Whether you’re planting your first beetroot or looking to improve your harvest, this guide is here to support your gardening journey. Let’s grow some beets!

Growth Stages and Timelines of Beet

1. Seed Germination

Beets plant Seed Germination
Image: Envato Elements

Beet seeds start their journey in the soil, quietly unfolding life beneath the surface. Each seed contains the promise of a beet plant, waiting for the right conditions to awaken. Germination is a critical first step in the life cycle of beets, requiring a delicate balance of moisture, temperature, and air.

Unlike other vegetable seeds, beet seeds are multigerm, meaning each seed can produce more than one seedling. This unique characteristic is essential to understand for successful germination and eventual thinning practices.


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Beet seeds typically germinate within 5 to 14 days after planting, depending on soil conditions and temperature. The ideal temperature for beet seed germination ranges from 50°F to 85°F (10°C to 29°C), with germination rates slowing as temperatures move outside this range.


  1. Moisture: Soil must be consistently moist but not waterlogged. A fine balance encourages the seeds to absorb water and begin the germination process.
  2. Temperature: Keep soil temperatures within the optimal range for best results.
  3. Soil: Use well-draining soil with a neutral pH to avoid water retention and provide a conducive environment for root growth.

Identifying Successful Germination

Look for small, green shoots breaking through the soil surface. These are the first signs of life from your beet seeds, indicating successful germination. You may notice more than one seedling emerging from a single seed cluster, thanks to the multigerm nature of beet seeds.

2. Seedling

Beets plant Seed Germination
Image: Envato Elements

After germination, beet seedlings begin to establish themselves, developing their first true leaves beyond the initial sprouts. This stage is critical for establishing a strong foundation for future growth. Seedlings are delicate and require careful attention to ensure they develop into healthy, robust plants. Proper care during this stage sets the stage for successful leaf development and root growth.

Caring for Seedlings

  1. Watering: Keep the soil moist but not saturated. Overwatering can lead to fungal diseases and root rot.
  2. Thinning: Since beet seeds are multigerm, thinning is essential to prevent overcrowding. Carefully thin the seedlings to about 3-4 inches apart once they have a couple of true leaves.
  3. Light: Ensure seedlings receive plenty of sunlight or adequate artificial light to promote strong, healthy growth.

3. Leaf Development

beet leaf formation
Image: Envato Elements

As beet plants enter the leaf development stage, they start photosynthesizing more actively, which fuels their growth. The development of lush, green leaves is a good indicator of the plant’s overall health and its ability to support the growing root bulb below. This stage is about building the plant’s energy reserves and preparing for the next phase of growth.

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Nutritional Requirements

  • Nitrogen: At this stage, beets benefit from soil rich in nitrogen to support leaf growth.
  • Regular Watering: Consistent moisture helps in the efficient absorption of nutrients and supports steady growth.

4. Root Bulb Formation

Beet root formation
Image: Envato Elements

The root bulb formation stage marks a significant transition from focusing on leaf development to the enlargement of the beetroot itself. During this phase, the plant redirects energy from leaf production to expand the root bulb. This stage is fascinating as you begin to see the actual beet emerge from the soil.


The beetroot typically starts to form about 3-4 weeks after planting, with the root reaching harvest size in about 50-70 days, depending on the variety.

Ensuring Healthy Root Development

  • Watering: Maintain consistent soil moisture to support uniform root development.
  • Soil Conditions: Loose, well-drained soil is crucial to allow the roots to expand freely.

5. Maturation and Harvest

beet harvest
Image: Envato Elements

The maturation stage is the culmination of all the care and attention given to the beet plants. As the beets reach their full size, they store energy in the root bulb, making them sweet and tender. This stage is about monitoring the beets for the right size and timing for harvest.

Identifying Harvest Time

  • Size: Beets are best harvested when they are about the size of a golf ball to a tennis ball, depending on the variety and personal preference.
  • Leaf Health: Vibrant, healthy leaves are a good indicator that the roots are ready for harvest.

Tips for Harvesting

  • Gentle Handling: Carefully loosen the soil around the beet before pulling it up to avoid damaging the root.
  • Timing: Harvest in the morning for the crispest beets.

By understanding and nurturing beets through each of these stages, gardeners can enjoy a bountiful and delicious harvest.

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